, wenwu kaogu yanjiusuo ??????????. Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe, 2006.

. Huayang, Chang Qu ?? (author, fl. mid-fourth c, 1987.

, Wuhan: Wuhan daxue chubanshe, Hunan sheng wenwu kaogusuo ????????. Changsha: Yuelu shushe, vol.1, 2007.

. Shuowen, Xu Shen ?? (author, ca. 58 -ca. 147), Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, pp.1735-1815, 1981.

?. Taiping-yulan, Taipei: Taiwan shangwu yinshuguan, pp.925-996, 1997.

Z. Han-mu-zhujian, Secondary Sources, 2001.

M. Abramson, Ethnic Identity in Tang China, 2007.

?. Bai-cuiqin, Wei Jin Nanbeichao minzu shi ????????. Chengdu: Sichuan minzu chubanshe, 1996.

A. Barbieri-low and . Yates, Law, State, and Society in Early Imperial China: A Study with Critical Edition and Translation of the Legal Texts from Zhangjiashan Tomb no, 2015.

E. Brindley, Ancient China and the Yue: Perceptions and Identity on the Southern Frontier c. 400 BCE-50 CE, 2015.

T. Chin, Antiquarian as Ethnographer: Han Ethnicity in Early China Studies, Critical Han Studies: The History, Representation, and Identity of China's Majority, pp.128-146, 2012.

A. Chittick, Patronage and Community in Medieval China: The Xiangyang Garrison 400-600 CE, 2009.

C. Churchman, The People between the Rivers: The Rise and Fall of the Bronze Drum Culture 200-750 CE, 2016.

H. Clark, The Sinitic Encounter in Southeast China through the First Millennium CE, 2016.

R. De-crespigny, Generals of the South: The Foundation and Early History of the Three Kingdoms State of Wu, 1990.

D. Cosmo and N. , Ethnography of the Nomads and 'Barbarian' History in Han China, Intentional History: Spinning Time in Ancient Greece, pp.299-325, 2010.

M. Fiskesjö, On the 'Raw' and the 'Cooked' Barbarians of Imperial China, Inner Asia, vol.1, pp.139-168, 1999.

P. R. Goldin, Representations of Regional Diversity during the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, Ideology of Power and Power of Ideology in Early China, pp.31-48, 2015.

?. He-guangyue, Nan Man yuanliu shi ?????. Nanchang: Jiangxi jiaoyu chubanshe, 1988.

C. Holcombe, Early Imperial China's Deep South: The Viet Regions through Tang Times, T'ang Studies, pp.125-156, 1997.

J. Baoxiang and ?. , Han mo zhi Nanbeichao nanfang Manyi de qianxi, ????? ????????. Yu gong ??, vol.5, pp.19-20, 1936.

M. Korolkov, Arguing about Law: Interrogation Procedure under the Qin and Former Han Dynasties, Études chinoises, vol.30, pp.37-71, 2011.

L. Wai-yee, Anecdotal Barbarians in Early China, Between History and Philosophy: Anecdotes in Early China, pp.113-144, 2017.

. Liu-chungshee-hsien, The Dog-Ancestor Story of the Aboriginal Tribes of Southern China, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, vol.62, pp.361-368, 1932.

L. Jialiang and ?. , Liye chutu Qin 'buniao qiuyu' jian chutan" ?????"??? ?"???, pp.91-111, 2013.

C. Lombard-salmon, Un Exemple d'acculturation chinoise: La province du Gui Zhou au XVIIIe siècle, 1972.

L. Xiqi and ?. , Shi Man, ??. Wenshi ??, vol.84, pp.55-75, 2008.

H. Maspero, La Chine antique, 1927.

H. Miyakawa, The Confucianization of South China, The Confucian Persuasion, pp.21-46, 1960.

M. Nylan, Talk about 'Barbarians' in Antiquity, PEW, vol.62, pp.580-601, 2012.

Y. Pines, Beasts or Humans: Pre-imperial Origins of the Sino-Barbarian Dichotomy, Mongols, Turks and Others: Eurasian Nomads and the Sedentary World, vol.2, pp.1-26, 2005.

Q. Zhongshu and ?. , Guanzhui bian ???. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1979.

E. Schafer, The Empire of Min, 1954.

A. Selbitschka, Early Chinese Diplomacy: Realpolitik vs. the so-called Tributary System, AM, vol.28, pp.61-114, 2015.

N. Tackett, The Origins of the Chinese Nation: Song China and the Forging of an East Asian World Order, 2017.

T. Qixiang and ?. , Caractères interdits et vocabulaire officiel sous les Qin: l'apport des documents administratifs de Liye, Études chinoises, vol.30, pp.73-98, 1987.

W. Gungwu, The Middle Yangtze in Tang Politics, Perspectives on the T'ang, pp.193-235, 1973.

. Wang-ming-ke, The Ch'iang of Ancient China through the Han Dynasty: Ecological Frontiers and Ethnic Boundaries, 1992.

W. Su and ?. , , pp.69-75, 2005.

W. Wan-chun, Qin-Han Wei-Jin shidai de 'cong, Zaoqi Zhongguo shi yanjiu ???????, vol.1, pp.125-156, 2009.

W. Dongchao and ?. , Yimin yu zuji chongtu: Dong Han shiqi Wuling Changsha Lingling sanjun 'Manbian' dongyin qianlun" ???????--???????? ??????, ??"????. Zhongnan minzu daxue xuebao ????????, vol.23, pp.62-65, 2003.

D. White and . Gordon, Myths of the Dog-Man, 1991.

A. Wylie, History of the Southern and South-Western Barbarians: Translated from the How Han Shoo, Book CXVI, pp.200-246

Y. Gengwang and ?. , , 2007.

Y. Lu, Managing Locality in Early Medieval China: Evidence from Changsha, pp.95-107, 2014.

Y. Shao-yun, Fan and Han: The Origins and Uses of a Conceptual Dichotomy in Mid-Imperial China, ca. 500-1200, Political Strategies of Identity-building in Non-Han Empires in China. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, pp.9-35, 2014.

Y. Shao-yun, The Way of the Barbarians: Reinterpreting Chineseness and Barbarism in Tang and Song China, pp.800-1140

Y. Ying-shih, Trade and Expansion in Han China: A Study in the Structure of Sino-Barbarian Economic Relations, 1967.

Z. Daiwei, ?. Pingyuan, and ?. , , pp.75-84, 2004.

, His research examines the production of geographical knowledge (broadly defined) during the first millennium of the Chinese empire. He recently published "La mort par noyade dans la littérature géographique du haut Moyen Âge chinois, Alexis Lycas is a postdoctoral fellow in Department III of the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, vol.36, pp.51-77, 2017.

G. Berlin, Email: alycas@mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de