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Master thesis

Approche éco-anatomique du bois de vigne (Vitis vinifera L.) pour une meilleure connaissance de l'histoire de la viticulture en Méditerranée nord-occidentale

Abstract : Many questions remain about the emergence and development of viticulture and wine production in the northwestern Mediterranean (concerning the existence of indigenous domestication centers, the role of the Greek and Roman settlers, the possible development of local vines) despite a significant body of genetic, biological, archaeological (winemaking sites, plant remains, plantation pits) and historical data (texts and iconography) allowing us to establish a model of development, expansion and spread of viticulture and wine production in France. Is the emergence multi-local? Is viticulture practiced by the indigenous populations or is it a result from colonial influence? What is the origin (time and location) of viticulture? Are cultivation and domestication synchronous? Were wild plants cultivated prior to domestication? What cultivation methods were used? The analysis of archaeological charcoal, compared with reference material from modern wild vines and cultivars is at the basis of the project “Eco-anatomic approach wood vine (Vitis vinifera L.) aiming at a better understanding of the history of viticulture in the northwestern Mediterranean” and offering the opportunity of finding answers to our questions. Or data assess the eco-anatomical plasticity of the wild and the cultivated vines under certain environmental and cultivation conditions and highlight quantitative anatomical characters discriminating wild vines from cultivated vines. This allows us to identify the status (wild or cultivated) of bio-archaeological samples, thus providing reliable information on the origins of vine cultivation and cultivation habits (ecological parameters farming practices).
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https://hal-ephe.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01912697
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Submitted on : Monday, November 5, 2018 - 3:50:37 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 19, 2022 - 3:44:13 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, February 6, 2019 - 2:28:32 PM

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Bertrand Limier. Approche éco-anatomique du bois de vigne (Vitis vinifera L.) pour une meilleure connaissance de l'histoire de la viticulture en Méditerranée nord-occidentale. Sciences de l'environnement. 2018. ⟨hal-01912697⟩

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