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Welcome to HAL-EPHE's Open Archive

HAL-EPHE is a free online archive in every scholarly fields (Social Sciences and Humanities ; Life Sciences) covered by the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes - PSL. This portal is a dissemination service for published or unpublished preprints in full text and their metadata and also authorized prints (articles, chapters of works, thesis, higher education courses, etc.) posted by researchers of the laboratories affiliated École Pratique des Hautes Études - PSL, at the time of their deposit. Affiliated authors may not be school staff.

The electronic filing of PhDs is mandatory since September 1st, 2016 (national decree May 25th, 2016). It is managed and validated by the institutions. The full text is automatically available with written prior agreement by the authors. This system has been set at EPHE-PSL since 2015. But you can also find earlier PhDs in Open Access directly posted by their authors.